Renaissance architecture emerged in Europe, in the 14th and 15th centuries, where there was a revival of interest in the classical antiquities and an emergence of new scientific understanding. It was noted for its clean lines, symmetry and proportion, reminiscent of the architecture ancient Rome, with the use of columns, pilasters and lintels, arches and domes. An understanding of perspective also led to more conscious composition of architectural form. Whilst there was no distinction between artist, architect and engineer, buildings were attributed to specific individuals. Renaissance architecture was developed first in Florence, by Filippo Brunelleschi, and was then rapidly adopted by others, notably; Alberti, Michelangelo, Palladio, and in the UK by Inigo Jones.

« Back to Glossary Index